Manual Scavenging - Blog
Manual scavenging refers to the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing or handling in any manner, human excreta from dry latrines and sewers. It often involves using the most basic of tools such as buckets, brooms and baskets. The practice of manual scavenging is linked to India’s caste system where so-called lower castes were expected to perform this job. Manual scavengers are amongst the poorest and most disadvantaged communities in India.
In 1993, India banned the employment of people as manual scavengers. In 2013, landmark new legislation in the form of the Manual Scavengers Act was passed which seeks to reinforce this ban by prohibiting manual scavenging in all forms and ensures the rehabilitation of manual scavengers to be identified through a mandatory survey.
- Source UNITED NATIONS IN INDIA (http://in.one.un.org/page/breaking-free-rehabilitating-manual-scavengers/)
A dehumanizing practice prevalent for thousands of years. A society suppressed and stifled for generations based on an outdated caste-system. Humans who have been deprived of basic human rights and empathy. The ‘untouchables’ who are so bottled-up by society, they have forgotten to dream! Manual scavenging needs to end!
In this gloomy picture, Phool offers a new beginning. At Phool, we understand offering employment is not the solution but merely a start. For a society to evolve we need to change mind-sets which have been inherited from thousands of years of societal norms and practices. We pursue an approach which will not only transform livelihood of women working with us but will also secure acceptance of their family into the society. A world where their children will receive education and start to dream again!
Transform Occupational Change
“I used to work with human faeces. I felt it’s because of the sins of my ancestors. But now I work Temple flowers. I feel the gods are forgiving and washing off my sins!”
Opportunity for Financial Freedom
“My wages have increased 4 folds! Now my children don’t have to work for food, they can live their childhood like others”
Acceptance by Society
“We eat together, we laugh together! We don’t care for what they used to do. We do the same thing now! Together! We are equals!”
A Generation of Hope
“My wages have become 3 times! Now my children don’t have to work for food, they can live their childhood like others”
New and improved me
Self-confidence rising story of Parlour lady
Awareness of law and sanitation
“I own an Aadhaar card, Pan Card and have my own bank account. I live a life as any other dignified citizen”
Awareness of law and sanitation
“We learnt about the harmful effects of manual scavenging
⦁ No charcoal
⦁ Hand rolled
⦁ Made from temple-flowers and plant resins
⦁ Contains Milk and honey
⦁ Hand dipped in Natural essential oils
⦁ Smoke contains –
⦁ Has therapeutic properties
⦁ No Sulphur content
Ordinary incense –
⦁ Made form Charcoal
⦁ Machine made
⦁ Artificial Perfume
⦁ Contains Potassium Nitrate (Saltpeter)
⦁ Smoke contains –
⦁ High Particulate matter
⦁ Volatile compounds, such as benzene, toluene, and xylenes
⦁ Produces aldehydes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
⦁ High Sulphur Di oxide
Sources - http://www.madehow.com/Volume-5/Incense-Stick.html
Ma Ganga, it is known in Hindi: “Mother Ganges”. It’s an apt name - the Ganges has nurtured and supported the rise of Indian civilization. This sacred river is believed to be a curer of sins and wrong doings of all humankind. But unfortunately, it is also the victim of immensely harmful practices of humans and is hardly an idol for purity in literal terms. So much so that it is the third most polluted river in the world. We are always fed with the notion that industries are polluting our rivers and most of the times we end up feeling 'nothing can be done about it' or 'the government should take some action' etc. But rarely do we think of flowers as a source of pollution.
Offerings flowers in temples is an ancient tradition and one that still remains prominent. However, the population of devotees and hence the demand for flowers has constantly been risen many folds. The 9000 Crore Floriculture industry in India is growing at five percent annually. How are the farmers able to grow these tonnes of flowers and meet the markets needs? The answer is simple - Chemical Pesticides , Insecticides and Fertilizers.
3 fold issues:
⦁ Toxic Chemicals – Contaminated water
⦁ Fragile Ecosystem
⦁ 80,00,000 metric decompose along with the faecal coliform bacteria giving rise to severe diarrhea, cholera and other water borne diseases
Eradication of manual scavenging
A dehumanizing practice prevalent for thousands of years. A society suppressed and stifled for generations based on an outdated caste-system. Humans who have been deprived of basic human rights and empathy. The ‘untouchables’ who are so bottled-up by society, they have forgotten to dream! Manual scavenging needs to end! And Phool offers a new beginning.
At Phool, we understand offering employment is not the solution but merely a start. For a society to evolve we need to change mind-sets which have been inherited from thousands of years societal norms and practices. We pursue an approach which will not only transform livelihood of women working with us but will also secure acceptance of their family into the society. A world where their children will receive education and start to dream again!
Phool not only emphasises on environmental and sociological benefits, but also focuses on personal benefits for our end users. Our values include making product of the maximum quality which are 100% organic, chemical free and promote a healthy living.
Incense Stick- Charcoal free to
Vermicompost – Organic soil for pesticide free healthy growth of plants
Florafoam- eco-friendly, biodegradable instead of petroleum based products
Bio-leather- Made from flower waste instead of animal skin saving fauna
Soap – 100% natural for skincare
Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. Although officially as well as popularly called the Ganga in Hindi and in other Indian languages, internationally it is known by its conventional name, the Ganges. From time immemorial it has been the holy river of Hinduism. For most of its course it is a wide and sluggish stream, flowing through one of the most fertile and densely populated regions in the world. People think Ganga can take care of my sins, can take care of anything, and they forget that while Ganga can take care of our sins it cannot take care of our waste, of our pollution. We are always fed with the notion that industries are polluting our rivers and most of the times we end up feeling 'nothing can be done about it' or 'the government should take some action' etc. But rarely do we think of flowers as a source of pollution.
Flowers are a part of both festive and solemn occasions. Flowers play an integral role in weddings and often are the focal piece in a weddings design. The flowers which are offered by devotees in the temples, churches, gurudwaras, mosques etc, left unused flowers cannot be dumped into the garbage once they wilted as because many religious beliefs that the flower which are offered during prayers are sacrosanct. Sadly, these sacred flowers rot in rivers killing fishes creating havoc in the fragile eco sphere of the water body and cause enormous pollution. The pesticides and chemical fertilizers used to grow flowers mixes with the river water making it highly toxic. Thus it generates flower waste and impact on environmental pollution.
India has about 6,38,000 villages, 5000 towns and 400 big cities. A Tamil proverb says DON’T LIVE IN A TOWN WHERE THERE IS NO TEMPLE. A Sanskrit proverb says SEEING A TEMPLE TOWER GIVES YOU A 10 MILLION GOOD THINGS.
The number of Hindu temples in India is a real puzzle. The Government data shows that we have a readily available list of 1,08,000 temples. But our estimate is that we have at least 6,00,000 temples. WE always tend to blame the industrial waste but never give a think to FLOWER POLLUTION. Imagine the amount of flower being used at these temples and then being sent to water bodies for disposal!.
It is a common sight in India to see heaps of garlands and flowers that adorned a deity lying dumped outside many places of worship, trampled by humans, animals and swamped with flies. Some throw the flowers in rivers and stagnant water bodies contaminating and choking them. In order to overcome all these situations Help us green came up with the idea to prevent flower pollution.
Help us green was started solely to preserve the country’s rivers by ‘flower cycling’ the waste from places of worship into bio-fertilisers and lifestyle products.
We are preserving River Ganges from becoming a religious sewer by flower cycling the waste from temples and mosques into patented lifestyle products providing livelihoods to 1200 rural families.
Every year 80,00,000 metric tonnes of waste flowers are dumped into river Ganges. Toxic Arsenic, Lead and Cadmium from the harmful farm-runoff, pesticides and insecticides used to grow flowers mixes with the river water making it highly poisonous (PH 6-8.5). These major pollutants affect lives of 400 Million people -linked to contracting dysentery, cholera, hepatitis and severe diarrhoea – which are the leading causes of child mortality across India and Bangladesh.
At Help us green we collect floral waste from temples in parts of Uttar Pradesh. India thus preventing 7,600kgs waste flowers and 97kgs toxic chemicals from getting into river daily. We found that our venture could also help provide employment to women in nearby villages. To give employment to women, Help us green set up Self Help Groups (SHGs) so that they could engage with women in the locality who were in need of a job. Rural women have been able to help earn their living and fighting the societal dogmas. Children of the rural women Self help group have been able to get jobs with our weekly vocational training as Carpenters, Masons, Electricians. The waste is handcrafted by the rural women self help groups into patented organic fertilizers and incense sticks.
Traditionally, incense sticks are made from charcoal and a fragrance is added to it before they are packed and sold. In order to tackle this, We decided to come out with a 100 percent natural product and used powders from dried flowers to make the incense sticks. The project is selfsustaining and brings a hope to revive Ganges.
With more than 420million people who rely on it for food, water, bathing, and agriculture and not to mention the Millions of pilgrims who venture to India’s most holy of rivers each year to bathe and worship-Saving the Ganges is crucial.
River pollution, especially by religious activities can be reduced if flower offerings are collected before they get into the river and converting them into high return products. Help us green make sure that Devotion does not turn into Pollution.